Although 90% of Egyptians are Muslim, the dress code that coincides with the religion is not enforced in Egypt. Despite this fact, modesty is still very important to Egyptians so many of the women wear clothes that cover all parts of their bodies. Many women do wear either a hijab (a covering for the neck and head) or a niquab (a covering of the face and head); however, it is not uncommon to see an Egyptian woman without a head covering. Due to the heat, many of their garments are light weight and loose fitting to help keep them cool.
There are no religious restrictions for men’s attire in Egypt. There are some devout Muslims in Egypt who do not wear any clothing that clings to the body. These devout Muslims and usually men of lower classes wear a galabiya (loose fitting ankle length robe) along with a turban, skullcap or fez. The kaftan (ankle length coat with large sleeves, worn belted around the waist) is worn over the galabiya and is often worn by more religious men as well. However, most men today wear more Western type clothing. This includes business suits while at work and trousers and short sleeved shirts for every day wear.